"Some of us were represented as sharp-nosed spinsters, holding a favorite cat or lap dog." The female jurors wore heavy veils when going to and from the court, and refused to sit in a body for their pictures.
The grand jury on which Pease served included six women. 40, known as the "Woman Jury Bill." Introduced by Reps.
Louise Spinner was valedictorian of the Green River Lincoln High School's graduating class of 1923. For most of his career he worked in Rock Springs, Wyo., for the company that become Pacific Power and Light. Graf joined the Woman's Club in Green River in 1932, serving as treasurer and auditor. He was just that mad that she was on that jury."Women as jurors The results of the "woman jury experiment" were unsurprising: Good female jurors, like good male jurors, are conscientious and committed to justice. This was probably well known back in 1870 by the time the first female jurors served in Wyoming Territory.
Majoring in accounting at the University of Wyoming, she returned to Green River after graduating and worked at the First National Bank and later at the State Bank of Green River, where she was the first female assistant cashier in their history. She became an associate member of the Girl Scouts of America in 1940, and was involved for more than 30 years. "The story had obtained credence," wrote Pease, "that former [all-male] juries were in the habit of flipping coppers, shaking dice or playing a game of cards to determine what their verdict should be." At the same time the first female jurors criticized one of their number for embarrassing them, according to Pease, by "sitting there and knitting all day long."Pease commented that the criminals and their supporters found "many ready to reassure them that they had nothing to fear, for women were chicken-hearted, and their tender feelings could easily be wrought upon." One prisoner was "a handsome young man, of a pale, dreamy Byronic type." The jury "promptly voted a verdict of guilty," presumably on the evidence, and he was sentenced to 10 years in prison.
A longtime member of the Wyoming State Historical Society, Graf wrote papers about many of her community activities, including the details of her jury service. [O]f course we found him guilty."As with any other jury, the members were isolated from the public. He had told her to tell them that she did not believe in capital punishment. Justice Glenn Parker, who presided at the Long trial and later served on the Wyoming Supreme Court, stated, "I feel that the administration of justice in the State of Wyoming has been improved." Justice G. Layman of Sheridan reported that, "The fact that none of my [mixed male and female] juries were out an unreasonable length of time leads me to believe that women are just as willing as men to reconcile and compromise differences of opinion for the sake of reaching a just and fair verdict."Louise Spinner Graf lived to be 93, dying on Oct. Her service as, apparently, the first female jury foreman since Wyoming territorial days remains an important milestone in the history of the state.
Commenting on the evidence in the Long case, Graf observed, "[I]t seemed that there were two fellows coming from Rock Springs and they had been drinking, and they stopped halfway between here and Rock Springs and got out of the car. "[T]hey let us call home," Graf recalled, "to get something to stay overnight." Graf's daughter packed her a "real nice little suitcase." And, Graf reported with some amusement, "[O]ne man was so mad when his wife called him. Rebecca Hein is the author of more than 90 published articles, in print and online, mostly about cello playing and its relation to a variety of subjects from marriage to taxes.
"Of course, we were caricatured in the most hideous manner," wrote Pease.Members of the 1950 jury, which included six women, chose Louise Spinner Graf as their foreman, making her almost certainly the first woman in Wyoming, after statehood, to hold that office.Woman jurors in Wyoming Territory Wyoming's territorial government had paved the way on Dec. law when early in1870 Territorial Chief Justice John Howe called women to serve.In an attempt to cut the last rail line into Petersburg, Virginia, Union troops attack the Confederate defense around the besieged city on this day in 1864.Although initially successful, the attack ground to a halt when Confederate reinforcements were rushed into place from other sections of the Petersburg line. After 15 months and more than 250,000 flights, the Berlin Airlift officially comes to an end.