The Rotherham sex grooming case saw in November 2010 various convictions of child sexual abusers.
In 2012, various members of the Rochdale sex trafficking gang were convicted on various counts.
On 1 January 2010, section 248e was added to the Dutch Criminal Code making (online) grooming of a child under 16 years old illegal.
To establish a good relationship with a child and the child's family, child groomers might do several things: They might try to gain the child's or parents' trust by befriending them, with the goal of easy access to the child.
Some vigilante organizations use operatives posing as underage teens on the internet to identify potential child molesters and turn the information over to the police and the courts.
The news program Dateline NBC featured the recurring segment To Catch a Predator, based on documenting such activities.
In Costa Rica, since April 2013, the Criminal Code section 167 bis, makes it an offence to seduce a child by electronic means.
With penalties from one to 3 years of imprisonment for a person that, by any means attempts to establish an erotic or sexual communication with a child under 15 years old.